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Audio steganography: hiding and revealing information

Harnessing the art of indistinguishability: the new face of audio steganography

The article talks about the practice of steganography in hiding information in audio files and the different techniques used. Countermeasures and tools available to detect the presence of hidden information are also mentioned.

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The practice of steganography, or hiding information within audio files, is becoming increasingly widespread due to the popularity and availability of these types of files in modern society. The main goal is to exploit the "dark areas" of the human ear to mask hidden information without causing audible degradation in the original file. Different algorithms are used to insert secret data into the audio file, depending on the domain it belongs to, such as time, frequency or codecs used.

LSB coding technique to hide information in the time domain

One of the most common techniques used to hide information in an audio file is time-domain LSB (Least Significant Bit) coding. This technique involves replacing the least significant bit of the cover file with the bit of the information to be hidden, keeping the audio quality substantially unchanged. The ability to hide data depends on the number of audio samples in the file and the sample rate. If used correctly, LSB coding can hide a large amount of information, even if its extraction can be relatively simple.

Other algorithms for hiding information in the frequency domain or codecs

In addition to LSB coding, there are also other techniques for hiding information in audio files. For example, one technique in the frequency domain exploits the human ear's ability to not perceive "weak" frequencies near "strong" frequencies. This principle is similar to the MP3 format, but applied to frequencies. Another technique is Spread Spectrum, which encodes and distributes secret information across available frequency spectrums. In the codec domain, you can use the In-encoder embedding approach, where the secret message and audio streaming end in the encoder to create a stego file.

Tools to detect audio steganography

There are several tools to detect the presence of hidden information within audio files. For example, you can use statistical analyzes to spot anomalies in files or programs like StegDetect and JPHide to look for traces of concealment. Additionally, tools like SonicVisualizer allow you to analyze the contents of audio files to find any hidden information. Using tools like binwalk, which can locate hidden information in images and audio files, can also be a useful alternative for identifying cover-ups. It is important to know these techniques and tools to preserve the security and privacy of information within audio files.

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11/02/2023 07:37

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